例题（1）A survey has been published which shows that British people don’t like their neighbors very much. 80% of the people who took part in the survey feel that their neighbors hardly pay attention to other’s feelings.
25% don’t talk to the people who live next door and 10% don’t even know their names.
In fact, one million people in Britain would like to move because they don’t get along well with their neighbors.
文章后面有这样一道题：How many percent of people never talk to their neighbors?
A. 80% B. 25% C. 10% D. 90%
解析：根据该段中的句子“25% don’t talk to the people who live next door”可以知道正确答案为B。“the people who live next door”指的就是neighbors，题目正是用了不同的词语或单词来代替文章中的原句，属于对细节的加工处理。
例题（2）The biggest challenge now is to find ways to bring the satellites back to the earth after a year or two. Otherwise, major highways of space junk could gradually increase as CubeSats become more common.
60. According to the passage, which of the following is true?
A. CubeSats could possible cause pollution in space.
B. A few kids will send applications for the project.
C. Scientists designed CubeSats for the kid to play with
D. Students can’t design satellites without college education.
例题（3） When you cough or sneeze, you’d better turn your head away from others and cover your month with the full part of your hand. And then, you should say, “Excuse me”.
51.When you cough or sneeze, you should _______
A. touch everything B. cover your mouth
C. point out to the kids D. pass the germs to others
例： There are many wetlands（湿地） in China and some of them have become the world’s important wetlands. The Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands are among them. They are in Yancheng， Jiangsu Province.
They are home for many different kinds of birds and animals. The world’s largest Milu Deer Nature Reserve（自然保护区） is in them. More than 700 milu deer live freely there.
There are not many red-crowned cranes in the world， but every winter you can see some in the Red-crowned Cranes Nature Reserve in the Yellow Sea Wetlands.
The temperature in the wetlands is usually neither too high nor too low. There is a lot of rain and sunshine， too.
They are really good places for wildlife（野生生物）。 Offering food and home for some special kinds of animals and birds is not the only reason why we need to protect wetlands.
Wetlands are important because they also prevent flood. But some people want to change the wetlands to make more space for farms and buildings. This means there will be less and less space for wildlife.
Luckily, more and more people are beginning to realize the important of wetlands and wildlife. Every year, on February 2nd, many activities are held to tell people more about wetlands.
1. The best title for the passage is _______.
A. China’s Wetlands Have All Entered the World’s List
B. Wetlands—Home for Wildlife and Human Beings
C. Special Animals in the Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands
D. Wetlands—Valuable Recourses（珍贵资源） of Land on the Earth
例题（1）In this study,Cohen's team interviewed 193 adults every day for two weeks. During the interviews ,the people told researchers about the happy or sad feelings they had that day.
After the two weeks,the people were given colds by doctors and had to stay alone in a room for six days.
The results showed that everyone in the study was equally likely to get ill.But for people who said they feel happy during the research peroid , theie illness were less serious and lasted of a shorter time.（出自2010年广州市中考阅读理解B篇）
51、Which of the following was NOT a part of the study?
A.People talked about their feeling every day. B.People were kept alone for six days.
C.People were given colds by doctors. D.People were made to feel happy.
解析：题目是问哪个内容不是研究中的项目。根据原文中的“...the people told researchers about the happy or sad feelings they had that day.”和“the people were given colds by doctors and had to stay alone in a room for six days.”得出选项ABC 都是符合原文意思的，而选项D与原文无关，因此该题答案应为D。
When my son, Mark, was in the third grade, he saved all his pocket money for over three months to buy holiday presents. The third Saturday in December Mark said he had made his list and had twenty dollars in his pocket.
I drove him to a nearby supermarket. Mark picked up a hand basket and went in while I waited and watched in the car. It took Mark over 45 minutes to choose his presents. Finally he came to the checkout counter (交款处) and reached into his pocket for his money. It was not there! There was a hole in his pocket, but no money. Mark stood there holding his basket, tears falling down his face.
Then a surprising thing happened. A woman came up to Mark and took him in her arms. "You would help me a lot if you let me pay for you," said the woman. "It would be the most wonderful gift you could give me. I only ask that one day you will pass it on. When you grow up, I would like you to find someone you can help. When you help others, 1 know you will feel as good about it as I do now."
Mark took the money, dried his tears and ran back to the checkout counter as fast as he could. That year we all enjoyed our gifts almost as much as Mark enjoyed giving them to us.
I would like to say '"thank you" to that very kind woman, and tell her that four years later, Mark went house to house collecting blankets (毯子) and clothes for the homeless people in the fire. And I want to promise her that Mark will never forget to keep passing it on.
48. What happened to Mark in the supermarket?
A. His gifts were stolen. B. He broke his basket.
C. He lost his money. D. He lost his way.
49. Why did the writer want to say '’thank you" to the woman?
A. Because she bought Mark a nice present.
B. Because she always paid money for others.
C. Because she collected clothes for the homeless.
D. Because she taught Mark to help people in need.
解析：48. 答案：C。根据文章中“reached into his pocket for his money. It was not there! There was a hole in his pocket, but no money.”可知Mark把钱给丢了。
其出题形式为：生词生义； 熟词生义； 代词词义
A bag is useful and the word “bag” is useful. It gives us some interesting phrases(短语). One is “ to let the cat out of the bag”. It is the same as “to tell a secret”….
Now when someone lets out (泄漏) a secret, he “lets the cat out of the bag.”
John “lets the cat out of the bag” means he ______.
A. makes everyone know a secret B. the woman bout a cat
C. buys a cat in the bag D. sells the cat in the bag
解析：在这篇文章里，“let the cat out of the bag”虽然是一个新出现的短语，但紧接着后面就给出解释It is the same as “to tell a secret”根据这一解释，我们就可判断出正确答案应为A。
As they go around town, the police help people. Sometimes they find lost children. They take the children home. If the police see a fight, they put an end to it right away. Sometimes people will ask the police how to get to a place in town. The police can always tell the people which way to go. They know all the streets and roads well.
In the text, “put an end to” means “______”.
A. stop B. cut C. kill D. fly
There is a place on our earth where hot water and steam come up under the ground. It is on a large island in the Pacific Ocean. The island is North Island in New Zealand.
What does the word “steam” mean in Chinese?
A. 自来水 B. 大气 C. 冰川 D. 蒸汽
The following morning when I went to see how my captive (caged) bird was doing, I discovered it on the floor of the cage, dead. I was terribly surprised! What had happened!
I had taken extremely care of my little bird. Arthur Wayne, the famous ornithologist, who happened to be visiting my father at the time, hearing me crying over the death of my bird, explained what had happened.
“A mother mockingbird, finding her young in a cage, will sometimes bring it poison berries(毒莓). She thinks it better for her young to die than to live in captivity.”
An ornithologist is probably a person who ______.
A. studies birds B. loves creatures C. majors in habits D. takes care of trees
But one thing was important to Sparky — drawing,He was proud of his artwork.In senior high school ,he sent some cartoons to the editors of the yearbook but he was turned down.Sparky was hurt. But he didn't lose hope because he believed in his ability.He decided to become a professional artist.（出自2011年白云区一模B篇）
The underlined words“turned down”（in paragraph 4）most probably mean “__________”
A. hired B. chosen C. refused D. Accepted
解析：根据文章所提供上文内容“he sent some cartoons to the editors of the yearbook”，以及下文内容“Sparky was hurt. But he didn't lose hope because he believed in his ability”，从中判断turn down 的含义是“拒绝”。答案应该是C。
如：The colors of Hawaii in summer are unforgettable.
前缀或后缀-ful（形容词后缀）, -less（无，没有，构成形容词）, -ly（副词后缀）, un-（不，非,未）,dis-（相反，否定）re-(重新)
appear disappear, agree disagree, tie untie, happy unhappy, careful, careless, hope hopeless, comfortable uncomfortable